A Tribute to Julius B. Richmond| Volume 8, ISSUE 6, P349-350, November 2008

A Tribute to Julius B. Richmond, MD

      Pediatrician and former US surgeon general Julius B. Richmond died on July 27, 2008, of cancer. Dr Richmond was born in 1916 in Chicago and worked on a sheep farm during the Depression. After considering animal husbandry as a career, he ultimately chose people, and he received degrees in physiology and medicine from the University of Chicago in 1939. He spent 2 years at Cook County Hospital and then served in the United States Air Force as a flight surgeon during World War II. His early research, inspired by the US Supreme Court 1954 ruling in Brown v Board of Education, documented the effects of poverty on the psychosocial development of young children, much of it with his long-term collaborator, Bettye Caldwell. He led the 1965 launch and was the first director of Head Start, a program that has helped millions of poor and underserved children since its inception during the Johnson administration.
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