Pediatrician and former US surgeon general Julius B. Richmond died on July 27, 2008, of cancer. Dr Richmond was born in 1916 in Chicago and worked on a sheep farm during the Depression. After considering animal husbandry as a career, he ultimately chose people, and he received degrees in physiology and medicine from the University of Chicago in 1939. He spent 2 years at Cook County Hospital and then served in the United States Air Force as a flight surgeon during World War II. His early research, inspired by the US Supreme Court 1954 ruling in Brown v Board of Education, documented the effects of poverty on the psychosocial development of young children, much of it with his long-term collaborator, Bettye Caldwell. He led the 1965 launch and was the first director of Head Start, a program that has helped millions of poor and underserved children since its inception during the Johnson administration.
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© 2008 Academic Pediatric Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.