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Ethics and Academic Pediatrics

  • Peter G. Szilagyi
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to Peter G. Szilagyi, MD, MPH, Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Strong Memorial Hospital, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 777, Rochester, NY 14642.
    Affiliations
    Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY (Dr Szilagyi); The Division of Community Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn (Dr Jacobson); Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston–Salem, NC (Dr Poehling)
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  • Robert M. Jacobson
    Affiliations
    Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY (Dr Szilagyi); The Division of Community Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn (Dr Jacobson); Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston–Salem, NC (Dr Poehling)
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  • Katherine A. Poehling
    Affiliations
    Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY (Dr Szilagyi); The Division of Community Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn (Dr Jacobson); Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston–Salem, NC (Dr Poehling)
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      True and timely knowledge generation requires the highest of ethical standards throughout the process, including submission to and review in peer-reviewed journals. This requires that all parties—authors, reviewers, editors, and publishers—adhere to these standards and disclose potential conflicts of interest. Although this process has worked well for our journal thus far, we regularly reassess our policies and procedures. After much discussion with our editors and editorial board as well as with other editors of general pediatric journals, we have revised our journal’s policies to enhance transparency of potential conflicts of interests, improve the review process, and promote higher quality manuscripts. This commentary outlines these revisions, discusses an issue rarely mentioned in the literature—conflicts of interest for reviewers—and examines a topic of interest to all journals—data fragmentation or “salami slicing.”
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