Impact of X+Y Scheduling on Pediatric Resident and Faculty Perceptions of Education and Patient Care

Published:March 11, 2021DOI:



      Traditional half-day per week continuity clinic experiences can lead to fragmented education in both the inpatient and outpatient arenas. Five pediatric residency programs were granted the ability from the ACGME to create X+Y scheduling where residents have continuity clinic in “blocks” rather than half-day per week experiences. The aim of this study is to assess the impact X+Y scheduling has on pediatric resident and faculty perceptions of patient care and other educational experiences.


      Electronic surveys were sent to residents and faculty of the participating programs both prior to and 12 months after implementing X+Y scheduling. Survey questions measured resident and faculty perception of continuity clinic schedule satisfaction and the impact of continuity clinic schedules on inpatient and subspecialty rotation experiences using a 5-point Likert Scale. Data were analyzed using z-tests for proportion differences for those answering Agree or Strongly Agree between baseline and post-implementation respondents.


      Hundred and twenty-six out of 186 residents (68%) responded preimplementation and 120 out of 259 residents (47%) responded post-implementation. 384 faculty members were sent the survey with 51% response pre-implementation and 26% response at 12 months. Statistically significant (P < .05) improvements were noted in resident and faculty perceptions of ability to have continuity with patients and inpatient workflow affected by clinic scheduling.


      From both resident and faculty perspectives, X+Y scheduling may improve several aspects of patient care and education. X+Y scheduling could be considered as a potential option by pediatric residency programs, especially if validated with more objective data.


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