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Virtual Family-Centered Rounds in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial

Published:March 18, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acap.2021.03.007

      Abstract

      Objectives

      To measure the feasibility, reach, and potential impact of a virtual family-centered rounds (FCR) intervention in the neonatal intensive care unit.

      Methods

      We conducted a randomized controlled pilot trial with a 2:1 intervention-to-control arm allocation ratio. Caregivers of intervention arm neonates were invited to participate in virtual FCR plus standard of care. We specified 5 feasibility objectives. We profiled intervention usage by neonatal and maternal characteristics. Exploratory outcomes included FCR caregiver attendance, length of stay, breast milk feeding at discharge, caregiver experience, and medical errors. We performed descriptive analyses to calculate proportions, means, and rates with 95% confidence intervals (CI).

      Results

      We included 74 intervention and 36 control subjects. Three of the five feasibility objectives were met based on the point estimates. The recruitment and intervention uptake objectives were not achieved. Among intervention arm subjects, recruitment of a caregiver occurred for 47 (63.5%, 95% CI 51.5%–74.4%) neonates. Caregiver use of the intervention occurred for 36 (48.6%, 95% CI 36.8%–60.6%) neonates in the intervention arm. Feasibility objectives assessing technical issues, burden, and data collection were achieved. Among the attempted virtual encounters, 95.0% (95% CI 91.5%–97.3%) had no technical issues. The survey response rate was 87.5% (95% CI 78.2%–93.8%). Intervention arm neonates had 3.36 (95% CI 2.66%–4.23) times the FCR caregiver attendance rate of subjects in the control arm.

      Conclusions

      A randomized trial to compare virtual FCR to standard of care in neonatal subjects is feasible and has potential to improve patient and caregiver outcomes.

      Keywords

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