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Cost Effects of a Health Coaching in Children and Adolescents With Mental Health and Developmental Disorders

  • Pavo Marijic
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to Pavo Marijic, MS, Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, Neuherberg 85764, Germany
    Affiliations
    Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH) (P Marijic, M Murawski, W Maier, and L Schwettmann), Neuherberg, Germany

    Pettenkoffer School of Public Health (P Marijic), Munich, Germany

    Institute for Medical Information Processing, Biometry and Epidemiology, IBE, LMU Munich (P Marijic and E Grill), Munich, Germany
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  • Monika Murawski
    Affiliations
    Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH) (P Marijic, M Murawski, W Maier, and L Schwettmann), Neuherberg, Germany

    IFT Institut für Therapieforschung (M Murawski), Munich, Germany
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  • Werner Maier
    Affiliations
    Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH) (P Marijic, M Murawski, W Maier, and L Schwettmann), Neuherberg, Germany
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  • Karina Hamacher
    Affiliations
    BKK Vertragsarbeitsgemeinschaft Bayern (K Hamacher), Munich, Germany
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  • Otto Laub
    Affiliations
    PaedNetz Bayern e.V. (O Laub and M Lang), Munich, Germany
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  • Martin Lang
    Affiliations
    PaedNetz Bayern e.V. (O Laub and M Lang), Munich, Germany

    Berufsverband der Kinder- und Jugendärzte (BVKJ) e.V. (M Lang) Cologne, Germany
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  • Eva Grill
    Affiliations
    Institute for Medical Information Processing, Biometry and Epidemiology, IBE, LMU Munich (P Marijic and E Grill), Munich, Germany

    German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders, Klinikum der Universität München, LMU Munich (E Grill), Munich, Germany
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  • Lars Schwettmann
    Affiliations
    Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH) (P Marijic, M Murawski, W Maier, and L Schwettmann), Neuherberg, Germany

    Department of Economics, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (L Schwettmann), Halle (Saale), Germany
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Published:December 27, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acap.2021.12.026

      Abstract

      Objective

      Health coaching (HC) aims to strengthen the role of primary care pediatricians in the treatment of children and adolescents with mental health and developmental disorders by extending consultation time and using disease-specific manuals. We evaluated the effect of HC on costs of specialized, pediatrician, and overall care.

      Methods

      In a retrospective cohort study based on German health insurance claims data, we identified children aged up to 17 years with a newly diagnosed mental health and/or developmental disorder between 2013 and 2015. Patients getting HC were matched to patients receiving usual care. Costs were calculated for 1 year following the start of the treatment and compared by 2-part and gamma models. Absolute costs and cost differences were calculated with bootstrapped 95% confidence intervals (CI).

      Results

      We compared 5597 patients receiving HC with 5597 control patients. The probability of incurring specialized care costs was similar between the groups (0.96, 95% CI: 0.88; 1.05). However, for those who did incur costs, specialized care costs were significantly lower for HC-treated patients (0.77, 95% CI: 0.63; 0.93). Accordingly, specialized care costs were lower by €-94 (95% CI: €-175; €-18), while pediatrician care costs were higher for HC-treated patients by €57 (95% CI: €49; €64). Hence, overall costs did not differ between the groups (€-59, 95% CI: €-191; €71).

      Conclusion

      Provision of HC has the potential to lower the costs of specialized care, while increasing the costs of pediatrician care. Overall costs did not differ, suggesting that the additional costs incurred by the HC were offset.

      Keywords

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