- We tested the hypothesis that the frequency of emergency department (ED) visits, outpatient clinic visits, and hospitalizations were higher among children with higher body mass index (BMI) categories, even after controlling for demographics, socioeconomic status, and presence of other chronic medical conditions.
- With 25% of preschool-age children in the United States being overweight or obese, effective interventions for these children would have significant public health implications. Randomized trials targeting this age group have been performed since the last systematic review.
- There is a critical need for culturally relevant interventions to address obesity among Latino children, who have a greater risk of obesity and diabetes than non-Hispanic white children. To test the impact of a family-centered, culturally tailored obesity intervention delivered through group medical appointments on body mass index (BMI) and other measures of cardiovascular risk among Latino children.
- To characterize the relationship between maternal depressive symptoms and child weight status, obesity-promoting feeding practices, and activity-related behaviors in low-income urban families.
- To investigate timing and strength of associations between mental health and overweight in childhood; to investigate how the cumulative burden of each of these problems affects the other.
- To determine whether parental reports and electronic health record documentation of physician counseling on nutrition and physical activity reflect actual counseling provided.
- We tested the hypothesis that among 3- to 5-year-old children attending Head Start, body mass index z score will decline during the academic year and increase during the summer.
- The aims of this study were to examine factors related to 1) parental perception of health risks for overweight children and 2) parents’ self-efficacy for influencing their children's dietary and physical activity behaviors, especially in relation to family history (FH) of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD).